MDS or Myelodysplastic Syndromes are a group of disorders that are rare in nature. In this condition, your body becomes unable to develop enough healthy blood cells that you require to live. Some experts call it “bone marrow failure disorder” because bone marrow is the place where red blood cells are built in the body.
Usually, it happens with people who are 65 or older. These syndromes are considered as a type of cancer, and it is mostly diagnosed in men.
Signs and Symptoms
There are commonly no symptoms at the early stage, but it can have some warning signs including
- Constant tiredness and fatigue
- Tiny red marks under the skin
- Unusual bleeding
- Shortness of breath during general activities or exercises
Causes & Risk Factors
MDS in most of the cases are not inherited from the family members. This can be caused due to DNA mutations. Exposure to certain chemicals as well as radiation can cause MDS in the body.
Treatment with chemotherapy can cause these syndromes. Apart from that, exposure to heavy metal can also cause MDS.
When to see a Doctor
When you feel tired throughout the day or experience shortness of breath during your normal courses of life, then you should consult your doctor. The doctor can suggest you to have a physical exam to see the other potential reasons for such symptoms. If there is no other cause, then the doctor can ask for a bone marrow analysis.
Treatment and Management
The treatment depends on the pattern of MDS you have. Chemotherapy is used for treating this disease. Apart from that, you can go through blood transfusion or iron chelation too.