Nasal Airway Obstruction
Nasal airway obstruction is a condition in which the nasal passages are blocked, preventing a normal and comfortable amount of air from passing through the nose. Nasal airway obstruction causes discomfort and has significant negative impact on daily life. It can also lead to sleeping disorders such as snoring and sleep apnoea. Nasal airway obstruction is common to an extent, although those with natural causes such as a deviated septum are less in number. Not much difference is there in which gender is more affected either. There are many different types of nasal airway obstruction, defined by its causes.
Symptoms of nasal airway obstruction include:
- Difficulty breathing through one or both sides of the nose
- Nasal congestion
- Breathing through mouth
When to see a doctor?
See a doctor if you or your loved ones experience any of the above symptoms. Always trust the leading and the best medical institutions like Paras hospitals group, which have specialized departments and excellent infrastructure for the treatment and care of such conditions.
Causes and Risk Factors
Causes of nasal airway obstruction are usually other conditions, which include:
- Nasal foreign body
- Nasal valve obstruction
- Nasal turbinate hypertrophy
- Nasal septum deviation
- Nasal polyps
- Enlarged adenoids
Risk factors of nasal airway obstruction include:
- Family predisposition towards nasal obstruction
- Alcohol use
Treatments and Management
There are a number of treatments available to resolve or minimize nasal obstructions. They depend on the underlying cause of the obstruction. These include:
- Medications: Medications like decongestants, steroid sprays, antihistamines, are usually the first things advised by a doctor. These are used to treat most causes like allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, shrink enlarged turbinates, reduce inflammation and swelling, and even control nasal polyps.
- Surgery: In some other cases, like structural abnormalities or when medication does not bring the desired results, surgery is required. It is used to remove polyps, reduce turbinates, remove adenoids (adenoidectomy) and correct a deviated septum (septoplasty).