Pituitary Adenomas are pituitary tumors. These adenomas can be divided into three distinct categories. These categories can be formed on the basis of the biological functioning of those adenomas. There are an invasive adenoma, benign adenoma, and carcinomas. Almost all pituitary tumors are benign or non-cancerous tumors. They are called benign because they grow very slowly unlike the cancer cells and they generally do not spread to the other body parts; again an opposite characteristic of the cancer cells or cancerous tumors in the body. This is the reason pituitary cancer is the very rare type.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms depend on the type of the tumor. It can be a functional tumor which releases excess hormones, or it can be a non-functional tumor which does not release any excess hormone. The common symptoms are
- Doubled or blurred vision
- Sudden blindness
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Loss of consciousness
- Facial pain or numbness
Causes and Risk Factors
In general, there is no certain cause found by the doctors to have this tumor on the pituitary gland. In some cases, abnormal mutations can be the cause of the same. Multiple endocrine neoplasia types one can increase the risk factor for a pituitary tumor in men.
However, sometimes, people with several risks factors never have a tumor and can lead an overall healthy life.
Treatment and Management
Surgery is a common process of treating pituitary tumors. However, it depends on the age, overall health condition and the level of the tumor that whether surgery is the only option to treat the same or not.