A pancreatic pseudocyst is a complication of acute pancreatitis, a neoplasm that is filled with pancreatic juice. The walls are a fairly dense connective tissue. From the inside, the cavity is lined with granulocytes and fibroblasts.
Causes and Risk Factor
The following factors can cause the disease to form:
- Alcoholism, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- Malnutrition, consumption of fatty, fried, smoked foods;
- Extensive necrosis of tissues due to active inflammatory process;
- Blockage of the duct with stones and a tumor;
- Operation of nearby organs, abdominal trauma;
It is possible to have a pancreatic pseudocyst and not have symptoms. Sometimes, it can disappear without the need for treatment.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the upper area of the stomach, which sometimes spreads to the back
- Protrusion that can be palpated in the upper part of the stomach
- Difficulty eating and digesting food concomitant diseases in the form of cholelithiasis and calculous cholecystitis
- Fever, Diarrhea and Weightloss
If the doctor thinks you have a pancreatic pseudocyst, he or she will ask you for diagnostic imaging tests, such as a CT or MRI, to better see the structure of the pancreas and get more detailed information about the cyst.
If the pseudocyst exerts pressure on other organs, it is necessary to drain it to reduce its size. It is also required to do so if it is big enough to break. Drainage needs surgery under general anesthesia, which means you will remain asleep and will not feel pain during the procedure.
In the surgical procedure, a small incision is made to drain the pseudocyst with a needle guided by ultrasound or an endoscopic camera. Alternatively, the doctor can make a larger incision to see the pseudocyst directly.