Skin Cancer or Melanoma
Skin cancer is nothing but an abnormal growth of skin cell. In most of the cases, it develops on the skins which remain mostly exposed to the sun. Men are at more risk of having skin cancer than women because of their habit of being exposed to the sun daily. In general, aged people tend to have this cancer most.
Skin cancer has three different types; basal cells, squamous cell, and melanoma. The first two types are grouped together and known as non-melanoma skin cancers. The treatment of basal and squamous cell is highly effective, and they are common types. The most serious type is malignant melanoma. It is hard to treat this type of cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
In case you have high-risk skin cancer or melanoma, then you can find an abnormal growth in the texture, size, color, or shape of a mole or other types of skin growth present on your body. You may have an unexplained and open skin wound that refuses to heal for a long time.
Causes & Risk Factors
There is no such definite cause of skin cancer, but some factors can trigger the risk for sure. The basic cause of skin cancer of both non-melanoma and melanoma type is direct and constant exposure to the ultraviolet light of the sun.
Treatment and Management
Usually, doctors suggest chemotherapy for melanoma skin cancer. Apart from that Retinoids is a drug that can be used to treat basal and squamous cell. The goal of treating melanoma is stopping the growth of cancer cells in the skin.