Throat or Laryngeal Cancer
In the case of laryngeal cancer, malignant cells are formed in the tissues of the larynx which is a part of the throat. This part is located between the trachea and the base of the tongue. This part contains vocal cords. These cords vibrate and produce sounds.
Most of the throat cancers are formed in the squamous cells which are the flat, thin cells lining inside the larynx of the throat. Men have more potential to get this cancer than women.
Signs and Symptoms
- A sore throat with constant irritation
- A cough that cannot be cured easily
- A lump in the throat or neck
- Ear pain
- A change in the voice
Causes and Risk Factors
Excessive use of products that contain tobacco can be a major cause of throat cancer. Apart from that drinking too much alcohol can also cause the same.
When to see a doctor
When you have issues in your throat for a long time or have ear pain and problems in swallowing, then you should talk to your doctor. The doctor will have a physical exam to diagnose the issues in your throat.
Treatment and Management
Surgery and radiation both can be tried to treat throat cancer. However, radiation can be the option if it is not in the advanced stage. Surgery can be done to remove the vocal cord from the throat of the patient. It can be Cordectomy, Supraglottic laryngectomy or Hemilaryngectomy as well. In all these processes a certain part of the throat is removed to stop the growth of the cancer cells.