Vaginitis is the swelling of the vagina characterized by discharge, unpleasant odor, irritation, and itching. The cause of vaginitis cannot always be diagnosed simply by symptoms or physical examination.
Frequently, vaginitis is caused by infections, which produce discomfort and discomfort. Some infections are associated with other more severe diseases. The most common vaginal infections with bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vaginal yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis. Some vaginal infections are transmitted by sexual contact, but others such as candidiasis vaginitis are not always sexually transmitted.
Signs and Symptoms
The primary symptom of Vaginitis is an abnormal, smelly vaginal discharge. This “fishy” smell is especially noticeable after sex. However, almost half of women with clinical signs of Vaginitis do not have symptoms. The doctor can observe these signs during the physical examination and can confirm the diagnosis by testing the vaginal discharge.
Infections: An infection is the cause of most vaginitis in adult women, and they are usually due to bacteria, although they can also be caused by other causes such as viruses or fungi. The most common are candidiasis and trichomoniasis.
Allergic reactions: to medicines, materials used in the manufacture of underwear, products used for intimate hygiene, compresses or tampons, spermicides, lubricants, preservatives, or even chemical components of detergents or softeners with which the laundry was washed also be among the causes of vaginitis.
Injuries or foreign bodies inside the vagina: this is common for small girls, who can get to introduce small toys.
Hormonal: Atrophic vaginitis is common in postmenopausal women; in this period of life estrogen levels drop sharply, the inner lining of the vagina becomes thinner, and normal flow decreases.
- Change in sexual partner
- vaginal irrigations or “showers.”
The microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge sample, either stained or under a special light, can detect the presence of microorganisms associated with Vaginitis.
Treatment and Management
Women suffering from Vaginitis should be informed of the diagnosis, their relationship with sexual transmission and their therapeutic options. The treatment is based on antibiotics such as metronidazole or clindamycin, and in general, the sexual partner (s) does not receive treatment. Many women with Vaginitis symptoms do not seek treatment, and many women without symptoms refuse treatment.