Ventricular Septal Defect
Ventricular Septal Defect is a condition in the heart because of a hole in the wall between the left and the right ventricles of the heart. This is also a kind of congenital heart disease and mostly found in infants. The ventricles are the pair of lower chambers of the heart and septum is the wall between them. The hole or defect in the septum is known as the septal defect. The oxygenated blood can be mixed up with the unoxygenated blood because of this hole, and that can cause severe health issues in infants.
Signs and Symptoms
- Fast breathing
- Decreased feeding
- Poor weight gain
- Very fast heartbeats
The defect can cause more severe heart issues if it is not diagnosed in the early life.
Causes and Risk Factors
Nobody can tell you the exact causes of this defect. However, it is a problem that occurs because of the abnormal or poor growth of the heart inside the womb. There can be one hole or several holes. The location of the hole depends on where the damage took place during the pregnancy or the fetal development.
Treatment and Management
Drugs can be prescribed depending on the severity of the symptoms. The main aim of the treatment is to reduce the risk of congestive heart failure. Surgery is another process of getting rid of that hole. The surgery should be done before the child starts going to preschool.