How to diagnose Epilepsy:
Having an eyewitness account of the seizure phenomena makes the diagnosis of epilepsy. The investigation that facilitates the diagnosis of epilepsy is an ECG, MRI of the brain helps you to know the cause of epilepsy. It is advisable to video the seizure since everybody has a mobile with them, to show the seizure phenomena.
Around 70 to 75 percent of patients of epilepsy can be controlled with the antiepileptic drugs. In more than 50 percent the antiepileptic drug can be gradually tapered off. However there is no cure for epilepsy but only control. There are several drugs for seizure control, that are relatively safe.
Around 25 to 30 percent may have poor control of seizures, they may benefit from:
- Surgical removal of the portion of the brain responsible for seizures
- Vagus nerve stimulation
- Ketogenic diet
Along with regular intake of medication one has to lead a disciplined life with adequate sleep
If there is any other associated illness then other medication can be taken alongside with the antiepileptic medication.
What to do if one has a Seizure:
- Turn the person on the side in a safe place to prevent any fall
- Loosen the clothes, do not restrain the body movements.
- Do not force anything in the mouth like spoon, finger etc
- Do not make the person drink anything immediately
- If the patient regains consciousness let the patient lie comfortably in the bed
- If the person does not regain consciousness then he/she should be taken to the hospital for further treatment
Epilepsy is a treatable disorder of the brain. It is not a infectious disease. There are large number of antiepileptic drugs. Early treatment results in good outcome. Patients with epilepsy should not drive, climb heights or swim. They can be fully educated, gainfully employed and lead a normal life.