Cancers that affect the squamous cells in the throat, larynx, mouth, sinuses or nose, causing tumours are collectively called Head and Neck cancer. Also known as the Squamous Cell Carcinoma. There are 5 types of Head and Neck Cancers, namely:
- Laryngeal and Hypo-pharyngeal Cancer
- Nasal Cavity and Para-nasal Sinus Cancer
- Nasopharyngeal Cancer
- Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer
- Salivary Gland Cancer
All these cancers are named after the organs they effect found in the head or neck. Head and neck cancer is a significant problem in India, accounting to one-third or 33.3% of all cancer in our country, compared to just 4-5% worldwide. People older than 50 years of age are more prone to this disease, although it does occur in younger people as well. It is more common in men, but the difference is not that big of a contrast. Head and neck cancer accounts for 30% cancers in all males in India, while 11-16% in all females in India.