Knee replacement is a surgical procedure performed for alleviating severe knee damage. Knee replacement surgery can relieve pain and improve mobility. This surgery may be recommended if you have severe knee pain and when other treatments are not delivering any positive results.
In a healthy knee, thigh and shin bone ends are enveloped with hard cartilage which allows smooth movement of the bones. An infection or injury to the joints or arthritis damages this natural cartilage tissue and leads to its thinning. In aggravated conditions, the cartilage may wear out completely in some places, causing the bones rub against each other and become worn.
Knee replacement surgery is performed to resurface these damaged parts of the knee joint to relieve pain and allow better mobility. In a knee replacement surgery, the damaged ends of the bones and hard cartilage are removed and replaced with metal and plastic parts.
Why is knee replacement done?
Knee replacement surgery is usually recommended for people who have severe knee pain and face problems in walking, in climbing stairs, and sitting and getting up. Knee replacement surgery is a treatment for pain in the knee and restricted movement due to damage of hard cartilage.
The most common condition for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition that leads to breakdown of joint cartilage. Any damage to the joint cartilage can limit movement and cause severe pain. People with Osteoarthritis may be unable to move actively or even do normal activities like bending at the knee, walking or climbing stairs.
How is it done?
During knee replacement, the damaged bone and cartilage from thighbone, shinbone and kneecap are first removed and then replaced with an artificial joint made from metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
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