Kyphoplasty is a surgical procedure that is performed to treat the pain caused by compression fractures in the spine. This surgery may be done to treat a spinal fracture, stabilize the bone, and restore some part or entire lost vertebral body height.
Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed under local or general anesthesia. The time for the procedure is usually between 45 minutes to an hour.
Why is Kyphoplasty performed?
Kyphoplasty can be done to –
- Cure back pain
- Reinstate the normal alignment of the spine
- Prevent further collapse of a fracture
- Compression fracture caused by cancer, including multiple myeloma
How Kyphoplasty is performed?
During the procedure, a small cut is made in the back to place a narrow tube. Then fluoroscopy (an imaging technique that uses x-rays) is used to guide the tube to the correct position. The tube moves through the back into the fractured spot.
A special balloon is then inserted through the tube into the vertebrae, which is then gently inflated. As the balloon inflates, it elevates the fracture, returning the fractured pieces to a more normal position. The soft inner bone is also compacted to create a cavity inside the vertebrae. The balloon is then removed and the cavity is then filled with a cement-like material called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), which hardens quickly to stabilize the bone.
Kyphoplasty takes about 45 minutes to one hour for each vertebra involved. After the procedure is complete, the patients are observed closely for a day or two and then discharged.
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