The removal of the lumbar herniated disc material pressing on the spinal cord or nerves through surgery is known as Lumbar Discectomy. This surgery is carried out in the posterior portion or the lower back of a body. The procedure involves the removal of the lamina which provides protection to the back of the spinal cord. One or more disc can be removed depending on the patient’s case. The surgery is a small incision on the back and the back muscles are just moved aside instead of their removal. This surgery has two approaches which are – Microdiscectomy and Laminectomy. Lumbar Discectomy is a minimally invasive surgery.
The main aim of the lumbar discectomy is to remove the degenerated or affected part of the disc which has been putting pressure on the spinal nerve root. Only the injured portion of the disc gets removed while all others are left intact.
This approach involves the use of a surgical microscope, as a two-inch incision is made over the injured disc, the tissues are set aside and the nucleus pulpolsus gets removed.
In this procedure a small incision is made in the lower back, the tissues are separated to expose the discs which are then operated.
The risks that are involved with lumbar discectomy include –
- Allergy to anesthesia
- Nerve damage
It might take a person three to four months to fully recover after undergoing a lumbar discectomy. Massages or on-hand techniques might be suggested for relief. However, strenuous exercises are not immediately advised and must be taken up slowlyto allow proper healing.
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