About Breast Cancer
Breast cancer generally starts in the inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobules that supply milk to them. While a breast cancer developed in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma, the one developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma.
Causes of Breast Cancer
Women with certain risks are more likely to develop breast cancer than others. A risk factor may increase the chances of getting the disease. These may include nulliparity, age of pregnancy greater than 35 years, hormonal treatment, family history of breast cancer, dense breast tissues, exposure to radiation and obesity.
Women who experience any of the below mentioned signs or symptoms of breast cancer must tell their doctors and get a mammogram done. If suggested by the doctor they should undergo a FNAC or biopsy.
- Lump in the breast
- Pain in the armpits or breast not related to the menstrual period
- Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast
- Rash on or around the nipples
- Swelling in one of the armpits
- An area of thickened tissue in a breast
- Discharge from one of the nipples; sometimes may contain blood
- Change in the appearance of the nipples; it may become inverted or sunken
- Change in the size or shape of the breast
- Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple-skin or breast-skin
- Avoid being overweight
- Eat healthy to avoid tipping the scale
- Stay physically active
- Abstain from heavy alcohol consumption
- Most importantly they should undergo a regular screening test after the age of 40 years or earlier in case of family history of breast cancer.