Studies highlight that 70% of Indian women ignore their health. They keep on postponing their due doctor consults and health checkups due to responsibilities or because of financial constraints. However, it is important for them to understand that their health is of prime importance to their family as they do depend on the women in their family for a number of aspects. Following are few of the simple tests and each woman above 25 yrs of age should opt for annually.
Clinical Breast Exam and Mammogram – It is used as a screening tool to detect early breast cancer in women experiencing no symptoms. All women should have screening mammography every year for women, beginning at age 40.
Pap Smear– It is a quick and simple test used to screen women for cervical cancer. Pap smear screening is recommended starting around 21 years of age if you are sexually active and then every 3 years.
Blood Glucose Test – Women should get a blood glucose test done every three years to check for diabetes or prediabetes from 45 years of age.
Heart Health Check-
Blood Pressure -You should have it checked at least once every two years, starting at age 20.
Lipid Profile – Every 5 years starting after 20 years of age.
Weight Check – If you are overweight, it is a significant risk factor for many health conditions, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. You should have your body mass index (BMI) and waist measurement every two years.
Complete Blood Count-This simple blood test tells how healthy our immune system is working. It measures white blood cells (high levels mean an infection), hemoglobin (low levels indicate anemia), and platelets (low levels signify your blood may have trouble clotting) and should be done every year.
Thyroid Disorders– It measures whether the thyroid hormone levels are normal or not. More than half of all these cases may remain undiagnosed. So one should get it tested from the age of 35 years every 5 years.
Vitamin D Levels– Vitamin D deficiency is very common. Most people don’t realize that they have the deficiency unless it has a significant negative effect on the quality of life.
Bone Mineral Density Test – Menopausal women are at great risk of osteoporosis which makes the bones weak. Women should start getting a bone density test for osteoporosis with at age 65. Those with risk factors like fractures or low body weight should start their screening earlier.
STI Screening – If you have been sexually active at a very young age or have had multiple sexual partners then you consult your doctor regarding sexually transmitted infections.
Preconception Counselling – General check-up before planning a pregnancy to discuss any health risks during pregnancy and modification of certain risk factors like alcohol consumption and smoking.