Critical care medicine developed out of other subspecialties to provide care for their most critically ill patients. Paediatric intensive care (paediatric critical care) has also been recognized as a subspecialty for more than 50 years now. This speciality grew out of the need for managing sick children and after complex surgeries in the face of advances in development of life support technologies. Advanced technology, the understanding of pathophysiology of critical illness and the development of multidisciplinary team have made this care possible.
Availability of paediatric intensive care is a reflection of quality of medical care in an institute. Goal of PICU is to restore the child who is suffering from life threatening condition to a health with minimum of pain, anxiety and complications and to provide comfort and guidance to the child’s family. Children who are critically ill require careful monitoring in a Paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Care of critically ill child in PICU is provided by a team of trained doctors, nurses and other health care specialists. These units take care of children from birth through the teen years.
Treatments Provided in PICU
Diagnosis of children with unstable life threatening conditions
Thorough monitoring, medication and treatment of children in PICU.
Ventilation of sick children
Medical treatment of children with severe heart, lung, liver or kidney disease
Placement of special catheters in blood vessels (long lines)
Some conditions that can make a child’s condition critical/unstable requiring PICU
Sever infection/severe pneumonia
Availability of PICU in a hospital providing care to children is like providing multidisciplinary care to the child by a trained team under one roof and meeting all their needs during hospitalisation.