‘Motherhood’ is the most precious and pleasant moment in a woman’s life. On one side it is the joy of giving birth to a child, while on the other there is the fear of labour pain. Women, who have the fear of pain, often opt for caesarian section, unnecessarily even when they can deliver vaginally. But, now the women can deliver without pain. This has been made possible by epidural anaesthesia which suits those patients who are unable to tolerate labour pain. This process is absolutely safe for both – the child and the mother.
Epidural anesthesia is a common method preferred by women to combat pain during delivery. During the process the pregnant lady remains conscious and aware of the activities going on, but there is numbness in the pelvic region. The epidural is a combination of pain killing medications. The medication prevents transmission of pain signals from the womb and cervix to the brain. An epidural anesthetic blocks the nerve roots that lead to the uterus and lower part of the body.
The advantages of epidural anesthesia:
The method provides almost complete relief from labour pain in most cases. The patient is in a conscious state during the delivery, more involved in the process and mobile. It also reduces anxiety and irritability caused due to labour pain and gives confidence to the patient as a result of which she is able to cooperate during labour. This makes the process of delivery better and faster. It also makes it easier to carry out instrumental delivery, such as with forceps, and stitch the episiotomy in a painless manner. Epidural also helps to deal with exhaustion, irritability and fatigue.
When in labour pain, the mother secrets hormones which distress the baby. Epidural analgesia brings down the high blood pressure which some of the mothers have during labour and comforts both the mother as well as the baby. It is extremely beneficial for patients who have heart disease. If the patient has to be taken for caesarean section, the effect can be topped up through the epidural catheter. Unnecessary caesarean can be avoided for patients who are afraid of pain. To opt for a painless delivery, consult your gynecologist to see if you can go through the same.