The Ante Natal care acts as an integrated guide to motherhood. Ante Natal classes can help the pregnant women and their families to prepare for labor, birth and parenthood. These classes make the pregnant women confident in dwelling with different situations during and after pregnancy.
Purpose of Ante Natal Classes:
Ante Natal exercises aims at preventing low back pain and enhancing physical and Psychological preparation for delivery by means of joint stretching and muscle strength.
Benefits of Ante Natal Classes:
There are numerous benefits of ante natal classes. The most important is the guidance and the knowledge that is given to the pregnant woman. She comes to know about child birth, the choice of delivery and mentally becomes strong for the time ahead. Most importantly ANC classes act as a platform for pregnant women to share their apprehensions and worries. Following are few of the important benefits:
Improved circulation for mother and baby
Reduction in aches and pains of pregnancy e.g. back aches, cramps etc.
Improved stamina, more energy to cope up with pregnancy demands
Increased circulation minimizing varicose veins and swelling
Enhanced psychological well being
Beneficial effect on the course and outcome of labor.
Types of Exercises In Ante Natal Classes
Exercises, stretching and deep breathing are important in ANC Classes. They are also important to ensure that the pregnant woman is at ease. Exercises are also recommended to support the pelvic muscles and help relieve back pain.
Deep breathing exercise
Back and abdominal exercise
Upper limb exercise
Pelvic floor exercises
Lower limb relaxation exercises
Foot and ankle exercises
Recommended Duration of ANC :150 – 300 minutes per week
Exercises and Activities To Be Avoided During Pregnancy
Holding breath during any activity
Activities where there is risk of falling such as skiing, horse riding etc.
Exercises that may cause even mild trauma such as activities including clashing motion or rapid change in direction
Activities that require extensive jumping, hopping, skipping, bouncing or running
Double leg raises, deep knee bends
Trunk rotation while standing
Exercises in hot and humid weather
Bouncing while stretching
Women without complications should participate in Ante Natal Exercises.
Proper assessment of the pregnant women should be done prior to commencing exercise program.
Exercise program should consider the base line level of fitness and previous exercise experience.
Exercise program should consist of appropriate consideration of frequency, intensity, duration and mode of exercises.
Exercise program should take into account the physiological adaptations to pregnancy.