Arthritis means pain and swelling in the joints resulting in restriction of movement at the joint because of pain and swelling. Women are more affected by arthritis the most. It could be a direct consequence of their pre-existing health issues or could be due to menopause. There are different types of arthritis and depending on the type and the age of the patient, the treatment modality is decided.
Affected joints will be painful after the extended activity
There will be a limited range of motion or stiffness. There can be clicking or cracking sound when a joint bends because of restriction of various daily activities because of osteoarthritis. People can get overweight; they are more prone to falls.
Causes of Osteoarthritis:
Repetitive injuries and overusing of joints
Previous history of rheumatoid arthritis
Treatment of Osteoarthritis :
Managing symptoms such as pain, stiffness, and swelling
Improving joint mobility and flexibility
Maintaining healthy weight
Inflammatory – Rheumatoid arthritis:
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis
Involves small and large joints in a symmetrical manner
It causes excessive stiffness of joints early in the morning after waking up and improves as the day progress with activity
If above symptoms are present few blood tests can be done to substantiate the diagnosis these tests are ESR, CPR, RA factor, anti-CCP antibodies.
Joint symptoms can be accompanied by other systematic involvement like fatigability, anemia, lung involvement.
Metabolic – Gout:
Characterized by abnormal metabolism of uric acid.
Gout may occur alone (primary gout) or associated with other conditions (secondary gout)
Sudden onset of painful, hot, red swollen joint particularly in the foot at big toe should arouse the suspicion of gouty arthritis.
Ways to Help Prevent Arthritis
Avoid excessive weight gain
Avoid those exercises which put a lot of stress on your joints
While performing daily activities avoid those postures which can put a lot of stress on your joints
Maintain your vitamin D level
Do daily muscle strengthening exercises but avoid putting pressure on joints