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Which Babies Need Special Care?

Which Babies Need Special Care?

by: Dr. (Maj) Manish Mannan
HOD Paediatrics & Neonatology

There are various reasons why your baby needs special care or to be kept in NICU. Nature has provided a time period of 40 weeks during which the baby grows, develops and feeds in the womb of the mother.  Earlier born babies are too small and too immature to survive independently without being subjected to special care. The reason for this is that the premature babies are born with a low birth weight that means with low subcutaneous fat that leads to improper thermoregulation. Therefore, they cannot maintain their temperature.

Babies Need Support:

  • The Babies Need Respiratory Assistance: The lungs are unfolded, therefore they cannot breathe on their own and requires additional oxygen support.
  • Need support for feeing: Also, premature babies have less swallowing and sucking reflex, that directs they need to be fed parenterally through injecting nutrients in the form of solids directly into the blood. Breastfeeding is essential: Just like full-term babies, breast milk is the best nutrition for preterm babies. Babies should be breastfed as soon as possible after birth. Most premature babies who are unable to coordinate the suck and swallow reflex can be fed their mother’s expressed breast milk by cup, spoon or nasogastric tube.
  • Premature babies should be shielded from diseases: Everybody who touches the mother or the infant ought to have clean hands. Medicinal examinations and techniques should just be done if vital. Sterile gloves and cutting devices ought to be utilized for bracing and cutting the umbilical cord.
  • They need additional care: Preterm infants and full-term babies with low birth weight require additional warmth and support for sustaining. Thus, kangaroo care is the best for every infant. Kangaroo Mother Care is a system by which the child has hung on an adult’s chest typically the mother with skin-to-skin contact, for extended time periods. Kangaroo Mother Care is a powerful method to address a premature child’s problems for warmth, frequent breastfeeding, protection from infection, stimulation, safety, and love. It has likewise been appeared to enhance bonding amongst moms and babies.

Hospital’s facilities with neonatal intensive care units can give particular care to infants with genuine health problems. They have special equipment and specially prepared specialists and medical caretakers who give all day and all night care to preterm babies who require additional help to keep warm, to inhale and to be fed, or who are extremely sick.

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