Immunization, also known as vaccination, is an important way to protect a baby’s health. They can prevent more than a dozen serious diseases. Newborn babies are immune to many diseases due to antibodies transferred from their mothers and this immunity can only last up to three to six months after birth, at the same time it may only protect against diseases to which the mother is immune.
Immunizations can protect your children:
Immunization is one of the best ways through which parents can protect their infants from 14 serious childhood diseases before age 2yrs, like Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis(whooping cough), polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Influenza, Measles, mumps, rubella, rotavirus, chickenpox(varicella), tuberculosis, pneumococcal diseases.
Diseases that vaccine prevent can be very serious, sometimes may be life threatening, especially for infants and young children. Before vaccines, many children died from diseases that vaccines now prevent, such as whooping cough, measles, and polio.
What are vaccines?
Vaccines are basically immune system boosters, they reduce child’s risk of infection by working with their body’s natural defenses, promote their own immune system to form antibodies against infections they are commonly exposed to.
By giving vaccines, we introduce attenuated part of live infecting agent or their killed part to prepare the body to fight those diseases without exposing them to disease symptoms. When bacteria and viruses enter the body, immune cells known as lymphocytes, antibodies are produced by the response of these lymphocytes, which are protein molecules. These are the
Benefits of an immunization schedule:
The current schedule is designed to maximize child’s response to the vaccines and also makes sure the vaccines aren’t working against each other in any way. They work best when they are administered at certain ages and are properly spaced between doses. At administration they may cause minor side effects like pain, fever, tenderness at site, mild rash, but they are worth taking if judged against the serious infections they prevent.
Thus we must abide by vaccination doses and schedules to give our baby best of what we can.