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How does a Birth Control Pill work?

How does a Birth Control Pill work?

by: Dr. Nupur Gupta
Consultant and Unit Head Gynecology

The birth control pill is a day by day pill that contains hormones to change the way the body works and avert pregnancy. Hormones are chemical substances that control the working of the body’s organs. The hormones in the Pill control the ovaries and the uterus.

How do the birth control pills or contraceptive function?

Most anti-conception medication pills are ‘combination pills’ containing a blend of the hormones estrogen and progesterone to avert ovulation (the arrival of an ovum amid the month to month cycle). A lady can’t get pregnant in the event that she doesn’t ovulate in light of the fact that there is no egg to be treated.

Contraception pills prevent pregnancy through a mechanism, mostly by halting ovulation. If no egg is released, there is nothing to be fertilized by sperm, and the woman cannot get pregnant. Most birth control pills contain a synthetic form of two female hormones: estrogen and progestin. These synthetic hormones settle a lady’s normal hormone levels, and keep estrogen from cresting mid-cycle. Without the estrogen bump, the pituitary organ does not discharge different hormones that regularly make the ovaries discharge develop eggs. The Pill likewise works by thickening the mucus around the cervix, which makes it troublesome for sperm to enter the uterus and meet any eggs that may have been discharged. The hormones in the Pill can likewise some of the time influence the covering of the uterus, making it troublesome for an egg to join to the mass of the uterus.

How really synthetic estrogen in the pill works?

  • It stops the pituitary organ from producing follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) with a specific end goal to counteract ovulation.
  • Supports the uterine lining (endometrium) to prevent breakthrough bleeding mid-cycle.

 How does Progestin work in an oral contraceptive pill?

  • It prevents the pituitary organ from producing LH with a specific end goal to counteract egg discharge.
  • It makes the uterine covering inhospitable to a fertilized egg.
  • It additionally halfway restrains the sperm’s capacity to fertilize the egg.
  • Thicken the cervical mucus to hinder sperm.

Types of birth control pills:

There are two types of hormonal conception prevention pills:

  • The combination pill which contains estrogen and progestin: These pills are essentially more powerful than just progestin pills and have the additional advantage of less breakthrough bleeding.
  • The only progestin pill (known as the minipill): Some ladies can’t endure estrogen and favor the only progestin pill.

 

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