Breast Cancer Stages and Its Diagnosis | Blog By Dr. Reena Khandelwal, Paras Bliss, New Delhi

Breast Cancer Diagnosis & Staging

Breast Cancer Diagnosis & Staging

by: Dr. Reena Khandelwal
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss New Delhi

Breast Cancer is one of the leading cancer’s affecting women in India. The majority of the cases are due to environmental factors, genetic issues, family history, and unawareness. 70% of the women detected with breast cancer are usually in their 4th stage making the treatment more complicated and myriad with issues. It is important to know about the signs, symptoms associated with breast cancer. It is also essential to know about the personal risk associated with the same.

Breast Cancer Diagnosis:

Diagnosis: Tests that can help analyze Breast cancer include:

  • Mammogram. Maybe an ideal approach to see beneath the surface of your breast is an imaging test called a mammogram. Many females get yearly mammograms to check for breast malignancy. On the off chance that your specialist presumes you may have a tumor or suspicious spot, they will likewise ask for a mammogram. If an abnormal area is seen on your mammogram, your doctor may request additional tests.
  • Ultrasound. A breast ultrasound makes a picture of the tissues somewhere deep in your breast. The ultrasound uses sound waves. An ultrasound can help to distinguish between a solid mass, such as a tumor, and a benign cyst.

MRI or a biopsy is additionally recommended to direct.

Breast Biopsy: If both the mammogram or ultrasound can’t tell if you have malignancy, at that point you may need to go for breast biopsy. During this test, a tissue sample will be removed from the suspicious area to have it tested. There are a few sorts of breast biopsies. With some of these tests, a needle is used to take the tissue sample. With others, an incision is made in your breast and after that removes the sample. The tissue sample is then sent to the laboratory. In the event that the example tests positive for cancer, the lab can test it further to tell your specialist what kind of cancer you have.

Breast Cancer Stages:

Breast cancer can be divided into stages in view of how serious it is. Tumors that have developed and invaded close-by tissues and organs are at a higher stage than malignancies that are as yet contained to the breast. In order to stage a breast cancer, you need to know:

  • If the cancer is invasive or noninvasive
  • How large the tumor is
  • Whether the lymph nodes are involved
  • If cancer has spread to nearby tissue or organs

Breast cancer has five primary stages: stages 0– 5.

Stage 0: Stage 0 is DCIS. Tumor cells in DCIS stay restricted to the ducts in the breast and have not spread into nearby tissue.

Stage 1: There are two types of stage 1 breast cancer:

  • Stage 1A: The primary tumor is 2 centimeters wide or less and the lymph nodes are not affected.
  • Stage 1B: Cancer is found in close-by lymph nodes, and either there is no tumor in the breast, or the tumor is smaller than 2 centimeters.

Stage 2: Stage 2 breast cancer is likewise divided into two classifications:

  • Stage 2A: The tumor is smaller than 2 centimeters and has spread to 1– 3 adjacent lymph nodes, or it’s in the vicinity of 2 and 5 centimeters and hasn’t spread to any lymph nodes.
  • Stage 2B: The tumor is in the vicinity of 2 and 5 centimeters and has spread to 1– 3 axillary (armpit) lymph nodes, or it’s bigger than 5 centimeters and hasn’t spread to any lymph nodes.

Stage 3: There are three fundamental types of stage 3 breast cancer.

  • Stage 3A: This stage can have a few types of cancer:

The malignancy has spread to 4– 9 axillary lymph nodes or has developed the inward mammary lymph nodes, and the primary tumor can be of any size.

The tumor is greater than 5 centimeters and small groups of growth cells are found in the lymph nodes.

Tumors are greater than 5 centimeters and the malignancy has spread to 1– 3 axillary lymph nodes or any breastbone nodes.

  • Stage 3B: A tumor has invaded the chest wall or skin and might have invaded up to 9 lymph nodes.
  • Stage 3C: Cancer is found in at least 10 axillary lymph nodes, lymph nodes close to the collarbone, or inside mammary nodes.

Stage 4: Stage 4breast cancer can have a tumor of any size, and its malignancy cells have spread to adjacent and far off lymph nodes, and distant organs.

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