Can Diabetes Affect your Menstrual Cycle | Blog by Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir, Paras Bliss

Can diabetes affect your menstrual cycle?

Can diabetes affect your menstrual cycle?

by: Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Diabetes is a lifelong disease that involves a disruption of hormone insulin which the body produces through the pancreas. It allows the body to store and use the sugar and fat you eat. Diabetes occurring when either the pancreas is an uncle to produce insulin produces very little insulin or the body posses a resistance to insulin.

Hormones Affect Your Blood Glucose Levels:

The hormones that control your menstrual cycle can also affect your blood glucose level. Two or three days before menstruation as estrogen and progesterone levels are charging a number of women, not all will notice that their insulin needs increase markedly became their blood glucose levels are rising. If this happens level usually decreases after their period begins. Different stages of the menstrual cycle may have different effects on your blood glucose level and the effect varies from person to person and from month to month. The estrogen and progesterone interact with the insulin hormone and make your body more resistant to its own insulin or injected insulin. An increase in the level of progesterone can also trigger food cravings and can make diabetes management more difficult.

Diabetes and Your Menstrual Cycles affect each other:

As your menstrual cycle affects your diabetes, your diabetes, in turn, affects your menstrual cycle. Women with type –II Diabetes on average, start menstruation a year later than women without diabetes and they are more likely to have a menstrual problem before the age of 30. Diabetes also increases women’s chances of having longer menstrual cycle and periods. They have an earlier onset of menopause. Poor blood sugar control brought on by your hormones can lead to increase symptoms of premenstrual syndrome you should monitor. If you feel tender, bloated during the week before during or after periods. In women worse diabetes is out of control (high blood sugar) can put a woman at increased risk of vaginal and yeast infections and can also affect regular menses.
due to premenstrual hormone fluctuations along with instability of your blood glucose level may put you at higher chances of nausea and cramp around your period.

Mood Swings and Menstrual Issues:

Women around premenopausal phase have intense blood sugar swings as they approach the menopause. Women with type – II diabetes tend to begin menopause at an earlier time. Women with type –II diabetes tend to begin menopause at a later time. In menopausal women it is difficult to distinguish between the low blood glucose and menopause such as not flushes and mood swings due to low estrogen and blood glucose can lead to vaginal dryness, vaginal infection, and ITI. So, diabetic women should do regular monitoring of blood glucose while going through menopause.


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