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Can Infertility be Treated?

Can Infertility be Treated?

by: Dr. Monika Chaudhary
Attending Consultant, Gynecology

Treatments for infertility depend on several aspects that may be the limiting factor causing infertility – s how long one has been infertile, the woman’s age and her partner’s age, and other personal preferences. However, sometimes the cause is unknown. Some causes of infertility can’t be treated, while some get treated more easily than others. In general, as a woman ages, especially after age 35, her chances of getting pregnant goes down and risk of miscarriage increase. However, there are multiple medicines, surgical procedures and assisted reproductive technology that may be used to treat infertility in women.

infertility treatment

Some of the most common causes of infertility issues are:

  • Problems with ovulating.
  • Unexplained infertility.
  • Blocked or damaged tubes.
  • Endometriosis

Treatment may include taking medicine, such as, Clomiphene which stimulates the ovaries to release eggs or Metformin in cases where the lady has polycystic ovary syndrome, certain hormone injections (Gonadotropins) or Intrauterine insemination technique, in which sperm is injected into the uterus of a woman.

In some cases surgeries may also be performed to treat the cause of infertility. Tubal Surgery is involved in treatment, in case infertility is caused due to blockage in fallopian tubes.  Treatment may include laparoscopic surgery, if endometriosis seems to be the main reason for your infertility, to remove the endometrial tissue growth. However, this treatment may not be an option if one has severe endometriosis.

When initial treatments don’t work, many couples prefer for assisted reproductive technology (ART). In this technology a woman’s eggs are removed, mixed with sperm to make embryos that are placed back in her body. There are several types of ART; in vitro fertilization (IVF), is the most common amongst these, where an egg or eggs fertilized in laboratory are placed in the woman’s uterus through the cervix. Other common methods are Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI).

Infertility problems can be treated, if their cause gets detected, but, one needs to be prepared for the significant financial, physical, psychological and time commitment, that is involved during the whole process of treatment.

If you are facing issues related with infertility, it is advised that you seek for professional advice  – consult a gynecologist or an infertility expert. Moreover both the partners should be prepared for a checkup, after all pregnancy is a two ay street- it includes the participation of both, the mother and the father.

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