Fibroids are abnormal (non-cancerous) growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus. They are also known as leiomyomas or myomas. But most females don’t know that they have fibroids because often they cause no symptoms. They are diagnosed incidentally only during routine examinations or when undergoing examination for any other problem. They can vary in number and size and can occur anywhere in the uterus may be on the outer surface of the uterus or within the wall. Most of them are asymptomatic.
Symptoms Associated with Uterine Fibroids:
Depending on their size and location they can cause a variety of symptoms causing a major impact on women’s health, fertility, and quality of life.
The most common being heavy and painful menstrual periods which can cause anemia. The pain can be more troublesome during the time of periods. The pain and bleeding can be so severe that females are unable to carry out their routine outdoor activities leading to social withdrawal.
Apart from these they can cause vaginal bleeding between periods, pains in the legs, backaches(mostly dull, aching pain), miscarriage, infertility, and pain during intercourse.
Fibroids which are attached to the uterus can undergo torsion(twist) and then cause pain, nausea, or fever.
Similarly, big fibroids or the ones growing very rapidly or degenerating (dying) can cause heaviness or lump in the lower abdomen, nausea and abdominal bloating.
They can also cause increased frequency of urination, constipation, pain in the rectum or uneasy bowel movements.
Rarely fibroids can be cancerous.
How are Fibroids diagnosed?
Fibroids can be detected during a routine pelvic examination or ultrasound. Your doctor can recommend an MRI if there is uncertainty in diagnosis. If fibroids are not causing symptoms, they may not need treatment at all. However, depending on the size and location the treatment may non-surgical or surgical.
Thus, although fibroids do not cause any symptoms if you notice any changes in your health or any of the above symptoms you should immediately consult your gynecologist.