Infectious mononucleosis caused due to Epstein Barr virus or EBV infection can sometimes cause acute hepatitis, which is self-limiting with mildly elevated transaminases and rarely with jaundice. In children primary EBV is asymptomatic. But, in some small number of healthy individuals, EBV infection results in a clinical syndrome of infectious mononucleosis with hepatitis with symptoms of pharyngitis, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy. EBV virus is an etiologic agent of acute hepatitis in adults.
Know more about Kissing Disease:
Infectious mononucleosis is also known as kissing disease. The virus is transmitted through saliva, so can be easily transmitted through kissing. If a person is exposed to a cough, sneeze or by sharing a glass or food utensils can also get exposed to mono-infection. It is not as contagious as some common infection like cold.
If you are an adult and get infected by mononucleosis then you are most likely to get all the signs and symptoms of infection. But in case of young children, very few symptoms appear and the infections remain unrecognized.
Symptoms of mononucleosis:
Swollen lymph nodes in neck and armpits
A sore throat
Swollen and soft spleen
EB virus has an incubation period of four to six weeks, but in children the period is short. The sign & symptoms like fever and sore throat lessen within a couple of weeks but fatigue, swollen spleen, and enlarged lymph nodes may last for few long weeks.
Mononucleosis is not usually very serious. Most of the adults when exposed to EB virus build antibodies. They get immune to HB virus and don’t get infected again. An infected person can avoid the spread of mononucleosis by not sharing food, glasses or dishes etc. several days after the fever has descended or even longer. Adequate fluids and rest are two key to recovery.