Causes and Risk Factors of Suicide -
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Causes and Risk Factors of Suicide

Causes and Risk Factors of Suicide

by: Dr. Ruby Ahuja
Consultant - Clinical Psychologists Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Act of taking one’s own life is termed as suicide. There is no specific reason why someone may try to take their own life but there are certain reasons that can elevate the risk. If a person is having mental health disorder, he or she may more likely to attempt suicide. Around 90% of people who commit suicide have mental illness at the time of their death. Depression is the major factor for suicide but various factors which contribute to suicide are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Risk Factors of Suicide

The main causes of suicide are unknown, some common risk factors are:

  • Substance abuse; majorly alcohol abuse
  • Physical illness or disability
  • Major psychiatric illness like mood disorders ( bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, depression)
  • Unbearable emotional and physical pain
  • Family history of suicide
  • Losing hope to live
  • Long term difficulties with relationships with friends and family
  • Significant loss in person’s life like death of loved one, loss of important relationship or loss of employment or self esteem
  • Ongoing exposure to bullying behaviour

Warning Signs of Suicide:

Warning signs are immediate like sudden changes in behaviour etc. the more challenge a young person has in their life, the greater are the risks of suicide. One major factor which is very common is depression. Warning signs indicates immediate risk of suicide while the risk factors suggest someone is at huge risk for suicide.

Note the signs in people:

Some people talk openly about committing suicide or as if they wanted to die. Or they always dwell to the topic of death. They also research ways to kill themselves or buy knife, pills or gun. The person may take steps to prepare him or her for death like giving away stuff, updating will or saying goodbye to others. The person may talk openly about unbearable pain and feel like they are burden on others.

If you notice the alarming signs and symptoms in anyone, people talk to the person and recommend the assistance of a medical specialist.

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