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What Causes Lung Infection In New Born Babies?

What Causes Lung Infection In New Born Babies?

by: Dr. Amitava Sen Gupta
Director - Mother & Child, Neonatology and Paediatrics

Your baby needs special protection. This is due to the fact that they are very young and their bodies are not well developed to protect themselves against diseases. They suffer from fatal diseases when exposed to common pathogens such as bacteria, virus, etc. Hence it becomes imperative that the environment around your baby is hygienic, protective and devoid of any aspect that may harm the baby.

You as a parent also need to be aware of the signs and symptoms associated with chest infections and lung disorders. If there is any abnormality, you need to consult a specialist at the earliest.

When should you consult a specialist?

  • If your child has any of the symptoms like poor feeding, breathing difficulty, very high or low temperature, skin rash, irritability etc, then this is the time to see the pediatrician because of these all the possible signs of the infection.
  • An abrupt change in a baby’s behavior, such as suddenly sleeping all the time or not sleeping much at all, can also be a sign that something is wrong with the baby. If the baby is younger than or equal to 2 months then this is the sign of even greater concern.

Beware of Respiratory Syncytial Virus:

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is common, and very contagious, a virus that infects the respiratory tract of most children before they turn two.  For most babies and young children, the infection causes nothing more than a cold. But for a small percentage, infection with RSV can lead to serious problems such as bronchiolitis, which is inflammation of the small airways of the lungs, or pneumonia, which can become life-threatening. If the baby is pre-mature, younger than 2 who was born with heart or lung disease, a baby with the weak immune system, then the chances of severe infection are greater.

Symptoms associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus:

RSV infection can cause cold-like symptoms, including a cough and runny nose, which usually last for 1-2 weeks. But it is the matter of great concern if your child has following symptoms:

  • Refuses to breastfeed.
  • Trouble in breathing.
  • A cough producing yellow, green, or gray mucus.
  • Blue tint to the lips or fingernails.

Treatment associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus:

No medication treats the virus itself. So caring for a baby with RSV infection involves treating symptoms of infection and its effects on the respiratory system. As a home care, you can Use a cool-mist vaporizer to keep the air moist and make breathing easier, Give your baby fluids in small amounts throughout the day, Use non-aspirin fever reducers.

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