Aspects causing infertility in male and female | Blog By Dr. Monica Agarwal, Paras Bliss, Panchkula and Mohali
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Common Disorders that cause Infertility

Common Disorders that cause Infertility

by: Dr. Monica Agarwal
Consultant Obstetrics & Gynecology - Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Infertility is a diagnosis when the couple is unsuccessful in efforts to conceive even after frequent and unprotected intercourse for 1 year. It can be due to issues with a female partner ( 1/3rd of cases), male partner ( 1/3rd of cases), or both (1/3rd of cases).

Aspects that can cause infertility in Women:

Can be due to problems with

  • Ovulation
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Uterus
  • Cervix
  • Age- This is important in females as fertility declines with age. Both quality and quantity of follicles are reduced because females have a fixed number of eggs at birth which declines with age and new ones are not formed in females. Fertility sharply declines after age 35.

Ovulation- Can be a problem in case of

  • Hormonal imbalances like a polycystic ovarian disease
  • A tumour or cyst
  • Eating disorder
  • Drug or alcohol use
  • Thyroid or prolactin hormone issue
  • Weight issues either excessive or underweight
  • Stress
  • Intense exercise
  • Primary ovarian failure

Uterine and tubal factors

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Infection
  • Uterine polyps
  • Fibroid uterus
  • Endometriosis
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • Birth defects in the uterus
  • Pelvic Adhesions

Cervical mucous abnormalities can also cause infertility. Abnormal cervical mucus can prevent sperm to reach the egg.

Aspects that can cause infertility in men:

  • Abnormal sperm production or function due to varicocele, undescended testis or other genetic defects
  • Diabetes
  • Infection like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, mumps or HIV
  • Problems with delivery of sperms due to problems like premature ejaculation, cystic fibrosis etc
  • Exposure to pesticides, chemicals, radiation
  • Smoking, alcohol, drugs and certain medicines can also affect fertility
  • Frequent exposure to heat such as saunas, hot tubs can also hamper sperm production
  • Cancer and its treatment
  • Lack of exercise

So we can say that in the modern times, infertility is increasing as the various reasons for infertility are also increasing. Take treatment for infections on time and avoid chemicals and fast food as far as possible. If you feel difficulties with getting pregnant visit a doctor.

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