How Dengue affect Pregnanacy | Blog By Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir, Paras Bliss, Panchkula

How does Dengue affect Women during Pregnancy?

How does Dengue affect Women during Pregnancy?

by: Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Dengue is an illness caused by a virus transmitted to people by a mosquito called Aedes Aegypti. It cases flu like symptoms. Dengue has become a public health concern in India and in the rest of the world. It is common in urban population. Dengue is now so common that half of the world’s population is at risk of getting it. The World Health Organisation currently estimates that there are 50 to 100 million dengue infections worldwide every year. Mosquitoes bite during the day and are most active in the early morning and late afternoon.

Dengue is common just after monsoons. Symptoms appear three days after being bitten by infected mosquito, early symptoms are like flu:

  • High fever
  • Loss of platelet count
  • Signs of dehydration
  • Rashes on upper body
  • Bleeding of gums
  • Pain behind eyes
  • Severe headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting

Any form of aliment during pregnancy is worrisome. If woman get dengue during pregnancy, it is a matter of concern due to their weakened immunity. Pregnant women are more prone to dengue. The chances are that pregnant women can have a severe form of dengue. There may be a need for Caeserian section.

Complications that Dengue can cause:

Some of the complications that can occur are:

  • Thrombocytopenia: Low platelets during pregnancy are life threatening both for the mother and baby. Severe thrombocytopenia can develop complications with the use of epidural or general anaesthesia in the course of delivery.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight: Dengue during pregnancy during second and third trimester decrease the chances of preterm labour and low birth weight new born or still birth in severe cases.
  • Miscarriage: Dengue during the first trimester increases the chances of miscarriage.
  • Risk of haemorrhage: If the mother is infected with dengue virus, during delivery the risk of haemorrhage is more so the chances of PPH are there. Hence blood transfusion may be required.
  • Pre-eclampsia: If the pregnant women contract dengue during pregnancy the chances of developing Pre-eclampsia increases.
  • Dengue Haemorrhage Fever: The secure form of dengue is dengue haemorrhagic fever, can also be fatal for the baby and mother also. The risk of passing fever to your baby is not known so far but there are some documented cases in which it has happened. But one needs to be understood how it has happened. If you have dengue at the time of birth your new born baby may develop in the first two weeks of life. Treatment of mild form includes drink plenty of fluids, fresh fluids, soups, coconut water.

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