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Dengue In Pregnancy

Dengue In Pregnancy

by: Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Dengue is an illness caused by a virus transmitted to people by certain mosquitoes. It’s usually short-lived but symptoms can sometimes be severe or fatal. Dengue is one of a few mosquito-borne illnesses, along with Zika and chikungunya that can be problematic or even dangerous for pregnant women and babies.

Signs and Symptoms associated with Dengue:

Signs and symptoms of Dengue fever during pregnancy are similar to signs and symptoms when the patient is non pregnant. During pregnancy Dengue virus is more serious as compared to the non pregnant patient. While you are pregnant and down with dengue, the infection of dengue virus does not increase the risk of any fetal deformity and malformation.

Dengue fever can affect your unborn baby, risks that are involved in the unborn child includes preterm birth, abortion, low birth weight baby and death.

How to treat and manage Dengue?

Management during pregnancy is very similar to patient who is suffering from dengue and is not pregnant. If a woman is pregnant and has dengue fever then the doctor will give the treatment according to the severity of illness and symptoms.

Few treatments by which mild forms of dengue can be treated are:

  • Patient should drink plenty of fluids which include fresh juices, soups, oral rehydration solution, coconut water etc.
  • You can take help of acetaminophen which helps in reducing fever and pain. You should avoid aspirin and other non steroidal ant inflammatory drugs as these drugs increase the risk of bleeding complications.

Precautions for Dengue:

  • In case a female is pregnant then she should avoid travelling to the places where dengue is prevalent as it can also increase the risk of pregnant woman having dengue fever.
  • In case it is important to travel then you should take personal prophylactic measures in order to prevent dengue infection and mosquito bites.
  • You should stay in air condition rooms or well screened places. Always wear protective clothing like long sleeved shirts and long pants.
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