Dermabrasion is a technique that involves removing the superficial layers of skin in a controlled manner to bring about resurfacing. It’s done with a rotating device using a wire brush or diamond fraise that revolves rapidly abrading the upper layers of skin. The depth and speed can be controlled by the operator. Manual dermabrader is also available and sandpaper can also be used. It causes controlled injury and wound to the skin resulting in pinpoint bleeding and raw area denuded of the upper layer. The new skin that comes is healthy and better in texture and appearance.
It is done by a dermatologist at his/her office. It is an operator-dependent technique hence should always be done by a professional. Since it’s painful, prior anesthesia is given either topical/local or general depending upon the requirement.
When is Dermabrasion recommended?
It is done in following conditions-
Complications associated with Dermabrasion:
Some complications that can occur after this procedure-
Proper wound care, dressing, preoperative workup, skilled execution of operative technique help to reduce all these complications. New skin starts forming in 5-7 days which is pink and more photo-sensitive hence sunscreen and sun protection is utmost important. Any bleeding disorder/tendency, drug intake like isotretinoin, keloidal tendency, hepatitis viral markers workup should be done prior to the procedure.
Microdermabrasion is a further superficial form of skin resurfacing , doesn’t require anesthesia, improves superficial acne scars and brightens up skin and texture. It employs aluminum crystals pumped onto skin with pressure causing minor trauma that helps in skin remodeling and improvement in color.