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How does Diabetes Affect my Pregnancy?

How does Diabetes Affect my Pregnancy?

by: Dr. Pooja Mehta
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology

Diabetes can affect a person without warning and sometimes may even occur without any family history. For a woman of childbearing age, this is stressful as the desire to become a mother and the thought of bringing harm to the child. If the question is asked whether a diabetic woman can have a baby or not, then the answer is ‘yes’. She can have a baby. Since diabetes is a chronic condition, a person is required to take care of their health. Monitoring the sugar levels and keeping them in check is essential. This becomes all the more necessary and important during pregnancy when your body is undergoing a lot of changes.

High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. With the help of your healthcare team, you can work on management of diabetes and can have a healthy pregnancy.



  • High blood glucose levels can be harmful during this early stage and can increase the chance that your baby will have birth defects, such as heart defects or defects of the brain or spine.
  • High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth.
  • High blood glucose level can increase the chances of miscarriage and there are greater chances of having a stillborn baby.


  • Hormonal and other changes in your body during pregnancy affect your blood glucose levels, so you might need to change how you manage your diabetes. Even if you’ve had diabetes for years, you may need to change your meal plan, physical activity routine, and medicines.
  • If you have been taking an oral diabetes medicine, you may need to switch to insulin. As you get closer to your due date, your management plan might change again.
  • Pregnancy can worsen certain long-term diabetes problems, such as eye problems and kidney disease, especially if your blood glucose levels are too high.


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