Group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period is commonly referred to as diabetes. More than 90% of all systemic diseases have different kinds of oral manifestations which include swollen gums, ulcers, gums and dry mouth which include Diabetes, Blood Cancer, Oral Cancer, Heart Disease, Renal Disease etc. People of all age groups are affected by Diabetes Mellitus and its prevalence has been increasing. Diabetes is the most common disease in which the patients are at greater risk of developing periodontal disease and oral infections. Diabetic patients suffer from more severe oral infections than nondiabetic patients.
Dental issues faced by diabetic patients:
Following are the issues that may be commonly faced by the diabetic patients:
Xerostomia (Decreased Salivary Flow)
Burning mouth or tongue
Swollen or bleeding gums may
Greater occurrence of tooth decay
Diabetes with uncontrolled blood sugar levels tends to increase oral health problems particularly gum diseases.
Precautions recommended to diabetic patients to prevent dental issues:
Maintain good dental hygiene: A diabetic person should maintain good dental health care in order to prevent any type of oral infections.
Be clear of infections: Immediate action is required for any type of oral or dental infections. Dentists prescribe certain type of medicines, medicated mouth rinses and suggest more frequent cleaning to avoid complications which are related to bacterial infections.
Keep a check on your numbers: In order to maintain good oral health, diabetic patients should regularly get checked their blood sugar levels, triglycerides, and cholesterol levels. As these may have a direct connection on the probability of developing periodontal disease. So, keeping blood sugar level under control is necessary to keep both their medical and dental health.
Opt for morning dental appointments: Preferably, morning appointments should be made for such patients because at this time of day blood glucose levels tend to be under control and they should be stress-free.
The ultimate goal of therapy is promoted oral health in a diabetic patient, to help them to prevent and diagnose diabetes in dental patients receiving routine stomatological care and to elevate the quality of life for patients with such incurable diseases.