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Diet and Nutrition in Asthma

Diet and Nutrition in Asthma

Researches show that a high antioxidant rich diet helps in reducing the risk of asthma flare ups and improve lung function. Rich antioxidant diet composes of five servings of vegetables and two servings of fruit every day. An eating pattern which includes a wide variety of foods from across the five food groups will provide the range of nutrients people need, which is as follows:

  • You require to select fish, eggs, lean meats, poultry, nuts, seeds and legumes.
  • You need to consume a variety of colours and types of vegetables and fruits; aim for 5 serving a day. Eat 2 serves of fruit every day.
  • You require to select wholegrain rather than white or refined varieties of pasta, noodles, bread, breakfast cereals and rice.
  • You require to select fish, eggs, lean meats, poultry, nuts, seeds and legumes.
  • Make certain you get at least the minimum advised intake of foods from the dairy food group.

It may be worth closely monitoring your reaction to certain foods and avoiding them if necessary as food allergies to specific foods are seen in people with asthma.

  • Dried fruits:

Many varieties of dried fruits include sulfites, which are preservatives made to stretch out the shelf life of the food and one of the main problematic additives in foods for many people suffering from asthma. Always read the package for words like “potassium bisulfite” and “sodium sulfite” to check if those dried cherries or apricots may trigger asthma.

  • Wine or beer:

Many varieties of wine and beer also contain sulfites. You may have to give up on the glass of cabernet if you find yourself wheezing or coughing after consuming it. Some studies also suggest that histamines in wine can cause symptoms like watery eyes, wheezing and sneezing.

  • Shrimp:

Frozen shrimp and other seafood often contain sulfites because they prevent the growth of unappetizing black spots. When eating out, make sure you don’t accidentally eat something that’s been cooked in a broth made with shrimp or other shellfish.

  • Pickles:

Pickled foods tend to contain sulfites as preservatives, present in some fermented foods as well. Check for the same in relishes, sauces and even salad dressing mixes for the same reason.

  • Packaged or prepared potatoes:

Look into the ingredients list on the package you’re tempted to make mashed potatoes from a mix. Surely, the package contains potatoes, maybe some vegetable oil, salt, perhaps some whey powder or dried non fat milk powder and further down the list, you’ll probably notice a preservative like sodium bisulfite. Instead opt for a whole potato that you can pitch in the oven instead.

  • Foods that causes gas or indulging in large and heavy meals tend to put pressure on your diaphragm, especially if you have acid reflux. This may cause chest tightness and trigger asthma as well. Some of these foods include fried foods, radish, cabbage, beans, carbonated drinks, onions and garlic.
  • In fast foods and processed foods, chemical flavourings, preservatives, and colourings are commonly found. People with asthma may be allergic or sensitive to these artificial ingredients.
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