Heart disease- Yes it is a reality. Contrary to the popular belief that men are more prone to heart diseases, more women, especially after the age of 50, suffer from heart diseases especially coronary heart disease. In young females, there is a high incidence of valvular heart disease in India as well as developing countries. An estimated one in four women dies from some form of heart disease accounting to 27 percent of all female deaths. Adopting certain lifestyle changes like healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking and alcohol can help in preventing heart disease.
Mental health problems– Depression and anxiety disorders are twice more common in women than in men. This is especially more around the time of childbirth and menopause as there are a lot of hormonal fluctuations during these phases
Osteoarthritis– In women, osteoarthritis of hand and knee is twice more common as compared to men especially after the fifties. Women tend to have more flexible joints and hypermobility and the risk increases after menopause.
Sexually transmitted diseases– are more common and the reasons being ignorance, social issues, lack of education etc.
Stroke– Stroke or cerebrovascular accidents are especially common in elderly females because of poor control of high blood pressure and certain heart rhythm problems.
Urinary tract problems- This one of the commonest infections in females, the major reasons being a short length of the urethra and high incidence of sexually transmitted diseases.
Breast cancer- is already one of the most common cancers in females worldwide.
Thyroid disease- Hypothyroidism is 5- 8 times more common in women as compared to men. Women undergo a lot of hormonal changes during menstruation and pregnancy so their body is very susceptible to even minor hormonal changes. Even during pregnancy and after childbirth thyroid screening is a must.
Alzheimer’s disease-1 out of 6 women over the age of 60 will develop Alzheimer’s, compared to 1 out of 11 men due to longer longevity of women.