Cirrhosis is a condition that results in development of fibrosis in liver, resulting in decrease in cellular mass of liver, and thus a decrease in function of liver. Various causes of cirrhosis are alcohol, chronic viral hepatitis (hepatitis B and hepatitis C), autoimmune hepatitis, NASH, biliary cirrhosis, and various inherited metabolic liver disorders.
Cirrhotic liver has reduced ability to store and release glycogen. Glycogen is used to provide energy when we need it. So, in the absence of glycogen, our body will use its muscle tissue to provide energy. This can lead to muscle wasting and weakness.
Diet in Cirrhotic Patients
Cirrhotic patients should have a well balanced diet to ensure enough intake of carbohydrates, proteins, fat, vitamins , and minerals. It should be noted that excess intake of proteins and fats can be harmful for a cirrhotic patient.
Liver patients need to include more carbohydrates and starchy foods such as potatoes , peas, corn, cereal, and breads in their diet. Avoid sweets and fruit juices. Instead, eat fruits that contain several minerals and vitamins along with roughage.
Typical diet in cirrhotic patients is low in fats and proteins. Healthier sources of protein are : –
lean cuts of meat, poultry or fish, low fat dietary products like low fat yoghurt and skimmed milk,egg white, kidney beans.
Foods to Avoid
Cirrhotic patients need to take special care of their diet. Some of the foods which are discouraged or are to be taken in limited amount are given below: