ARTHRITIS: “Arthros” means joint, “itis” means inflammation. Arthritis is therefore defined as the inflammation of one or more joints. This is a common issue that is faced today by both men and women. Women suffer a higher risk of suffering from bone health issues, osteoporosis, and arthritis. The hormone fluctuations due to pregnancy and menopause make them more susceptible towards the same. It is estimated that at least 1 in 5 people suffers from chronic joint pains in or above 40 Yrs of age. It is important for us to be aware and take the precautions so that we can prevent all issues.
Causes of Arthritis:
Immune system dysfunction
Additional causes of Arthritis
Risk factors leading to arthritis :
Nonmodifiable: These are uncontrollable factors responsible for arthritis. It is important for us to analyse your risk due to a family or genetic history so that you can be informed and prepared from the beginning.
Modifiable: These are factors that can be handled by an individual. They are dependent on the lifestyle and the way a person lives. You can increase your physical activity and include healthy eating habits to decrease and manage your risk.
Overweight and obesity
Sign and symptoms of Arthritis :
Pain in the joints
Swelling in the joints
Stiffness in the joints
Pain while doing any physical activity
Redness and soreness in the affected joint
How does exercises help in managing the risk of Arthritis?
Stiffness, pain, and swelling may reduce the range of motion of the joint. Due to this, we avoid any physical activities which further lead to muscle loss or excessive weight gain. But it is important to know the right kind of exercises so that you can keep your range of motion open.
Exercises during Arthritis can help to:
Maintain normal joint movement
Increase muscle flexibility and strength
Keep bones and cartilage strong
Improve endurance and cardiovascular fitness
Exercises recommended for Arthritis:
Range of motion exercises
To increase joint range of motion
To reduce pain and discomfort
To increase muscle flexibility
To strengthen muscle
Help to make weak joint stable
To prevent further damage
Types of strengthening exercises
Isometric exercises: These are targeted muscle group exercises without joint mobility.
Isotonic exercises: exercises same as range of motion exercises includes joint mobility.
Hydrotherapy or aquatic therapy: Exercises to be done in water to reduce stress over joint.
Soft tissue manipulations
Increases blood circulation, removes waste metabolites. Hence, alleviating the pain.
To reduce stress over joint
Increases muscle flexibility
Increases range of motion
Conditions the heart, lung and cardiovascular system