Malaria is one of the most common vector-borne diseases. When a mosquito infected with malarial parasite bites you, it injects the parasite in your body. Symptoms of malaria usually appear 10-15 days after the mosquito bite. These symptoms may include high-grade fever with chills, headache, body aches, cough and diarrhea. Severe complications are common especially with Plasmodium faciparum malarial parasite. Malaria if not treated timely can lead to many complications mainly in children, pregnant women and older adults. Almost any system of the body can be affected by malarial parasite.
Diet to be taken during malaria treatment:
Water – Always drink boiled water.
Hydrate yourself – Drink lots of fluids like water, juices, coconut water, and milkshakes. It helps the parasites move out from the body quickly.
Work on your carbs- High carbohydrate diet should be taken that will digest quickly and will release energy.
Eat combinations – Always eat combination of fruits and vegetables with different colours. They help detox the body.
Have a high protein diet – This helps to protect the body and helps in the synthesis of immune bodies which will fight against parasites. The requirement of protein is increased as there is a massive tissue loss. A high protein with high carbohydrates diet is helpful in protein utilization for anabolic and tissue building purposes. Intake of high biological value protein such as milk, curd, lassi, buttermilk, fish (stew), chicken (soup/stew), egg, etc are useful to fulfill the requirement.
Add Omega-3 fats to your diet – It helps to reduce inflammation in the body.
Always take multivitamins- Opt for B-complex, and minerals. Vitamin A and Vitamin C rich foods such as carrot, beetroots, papaya, fruits especially citrus fruits (e.g. orange, mausambi, pine apple, grapes, berries, lemon, etc), with vitamin B complex are very useful to boost immunity. They help to rejuvenate your body.
Diet to be avoided during malaria treatment:
Stay away from fats. Excessive use of fat in cooking or eating fry foods aggravate nausea, impaired digestion which leads to diarrhea. They should be far from your meals as they make meals heavy, and is difficult to digest.