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Harmful Effects of Smoking On Women Health

Harmful Effects of Smoking On Women Health

by: Dr. Pooja Mehta
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology

Smoking has serious adverse effects on a woman’s health but the good news is that it is never too late to reap the benefits of quitting. The younger you are when you stop smoking, greater are the chances of living a longer and healthy life! Smoking is said to affect the fertility rates and cause an imbalance of the hormones. It is also said to be the prime reason of early menopause and can lead to a number of other health ailments such as cancer, lung disease, COPD, etc.

Harmful Effects of Smoking in Women can be Enumerated as follows:

  1. Effects on Reproductive System 
  • Causes difficulty in conceiving.
  • Causes abortion (miscarriage), preterm deliveries, low birth weight babies, stillbirth defects in a baby like a cleft lip. They also have a higher chance of losing their baby before it is born. There is an increased risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome, also called “crib death”) in babies born to women smokers.
  1. Hormonal Effects

Smoking can cause low estrogen levels leading to early menopause and poor bone health and risk of fractures and osteoporosis.

  1. Cancer

Smoking can lead to increased risk of cervical, vulvar, colon-rectum, mouth, tongue, stomach and liver cancer.

  1. Heart Disease and High BP 

Smoking causes blood vessels to become weak leading to blockages and rupture of vessels wall causing heart attacks and strokes.

  1. Effects on Eyes

Smoking causes cataracts and vision loss.

  1. Menopause and Menstrual Problema 

Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to go through menopause at a younger age, and they may have worse symptoms of menopause. Women who smoke have irregular and painful periods.

  1. Decreased Bone Density 

Women who have gone through menopause and who smoke have lower bone density. This means they have a higher chance of breaking a hip than women who do not smoke.

  1. Type II Diabetes

The risk is increased by 30-40% in active smokers.

  1. Rheumatoid Arthritis: Women who smoke are more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis. RA is an inflammatory disease of the joints in which the joint are swelled.
  2. Dental Health:

Smoking badly affects the health of gums and teeth. Smoking is linked to gum disease, which may lead to bone and tooth loss.

  1. Breathing Problems:

Teen girls who smoke have lungs that don’t grow as much as non-smokers’ lungs, and adult women who smoke have lungs that don’t work as well as non-smokers’ lungs.

 

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