Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by Hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is a self-limited disease that does not cause chronic disease. Antibodies produced during infection give life-long protection against the disease; there is an effective vaccine against HAV. In rare cases, hepatitis may lead to liver failure or even death. If we talk about contagiousness, then Hepatitis A is very contagious in nature. People can be contagious even before symptoms appear. However, after the introduction of the vaccine for Hepatitis A, the number of the cases have reduced to a large number. The vaccine is effective in adults and children. Symptoms, if they occur, start about 2 to 6 weeks after exposure to HAV.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS A?
Nausea or vomiting.
Jaundice- pale colored skin.
Loss of appetite.
Dark colored urination.
Joints pain in few cases.
HOW DOES HEPATITIS A SPREAD?
Hepatitis A spreads person to person
Contaminated food or water can be sources of HAV that causes the disease.
Common sources that have HAV contamination are fruits, vegetables, ice, and untreated water.
Know about Hepatitis E
Hepatitis E is a virus that infects the liver. Unlike any other hepatitis, the hepatitis E virus usually doesn’t lead to long-term illness or serious liver damage. The highest rates of Hepatitis E infection occur in regions where low standards of sanitation promote the transmission of the virus. Most people get well within a few months. Hepatitis E is considered to be contagious between people. Hepatitis E, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. It is not caused by a defective or abnormal gene.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS E?
Nausea and loss of appetite
Pain in abdomen
Pale colored skin, dark urine, clay colored stool
Fever and muscle soreness.
HOW is HEPATITIS E SPREAD?
Transmitted by saliva, air, cough.
Blood, needles, blood transfusions
Mother to the fetus.
Contact with an animal like in the case of eating undercooked meat from or touching an infected pig.