Is Hepatitis A and E contagious?| Blogi
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Is Hepatitis A and E contagious?

Is Hepatitis A and E contagious?

by: Dr. Nupur Gupta
Consultant and Unit Head Gynecology

Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by Hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is a self-limited disease that does not cause chronic disease. Antibodies produced during infection give life-long protection against the disease; there is an effective vaccine against HAV. In rare cases, hepatitis may lead to liver failure or even death. If we talk about contagiousness, then Hepatitis A  is very contagious in nature. People can be contagious even before symptoms appear. However, after the introduction of the vaccine for Hepatitis A, the number of the cases have reduced to a large number. The vaccine is effective in adults and children. Symptoms, if they occur, start about 2 to 6 weeks after exposure to HAV.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS A?

  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Jaundice- pale colored skin.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Abdominal discomfort.
  • Dark colored urination.
  • Joints pain in few cases.

HOW DOES HEPATITIS A SPREAD?

  • Hepatitis A spreads person to person
  • Indirect spread.
  • Oro-fecal route
  • Sexual contact,
  • Contaminated food or water can be sources of HAV that causes the disease.
  • Common sources that have HAV contamination are fruits, vegetables, ice, and untreated water.

Know about Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a virus that infects the liver. Unlike any other hepatitis, the hepatitis E virus usually doesn’t lead to long-term illness or serious liver damage. The highest rates of Hepatitis E infection occur in regions where low standards of sanitation promote the transmission of the virus. Most people get well within a few months. Hepatitis E is considered to be contagious between people. Hepatitis E, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. It is not caused by a defective or abnormal gene.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS E?

  • Nausea and loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Pale colored skin, dark urine, clay colored stool
  • Fever and muscle soreness.

HOW is HEPATITIS E  SPREAD?

  • Transmitted by saliva, air, cough.
  • Fecal-oral route
  • Blood, needles, blood transfusions
  • Sexual contact
  • Mother to the fetus.
  • Contact with an animal like in the case of eating undercooked meat from or touching an infected pig.
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