How Does Gestational Hypertension Affect My Baby? -
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How Does Gestational Hypertension Affect My Baby?

How Does Gestational Hypertension Affect My Baby?

by: Dr. Surinder Kaur Gambhir
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Pregnancy induced hypertension is also known as gestational hypertension. Gestational hypertension is a condition which is characterised by high blood pressure during pregnancy. It is a serious complication and can lead to preeclampsia which is also known as toxaemia. It is seen that during pregnancy hypertension affects about 6 to 8% of pregnant women.

Types of Gestational Hypertension

There are three types of gestational hypertension:

  • Gestational hypertension: It is a condition when the high blood pressure develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and it disappears after the delivery.
  • Chronic Hypertension: Women with high blood pressure over 140/90 even before pregnancy, during early pregnancy before 20 weeks and it continues to continue after delivery.
  • Preeclampsia: Both above type of hypertension (gestational hypertension and chronic hypertension) can lead to sever condition after 20 weeks of pregnancy called preeclampsia. Protein in urine and high blood pressure are the few symptoms that occur during preeclampsia. Preeclampsia leads to sever complication both for mother and the baby if it is left untreated.

How does hypertension affect the pregnancy?

Hypertension prevents your placenta from getting enough of blood supply. And if there is insufficient supply of blood in placenta then your baby gets less oxygen and food. Because of insufficient supply of food and oxygen, this leads to low birth weight baby.

In many cases if hypertension is detected early and treated properly and timing can help the women top deliver a healthy baby. There is no specific way to prevent hypertension. Few of the factors which lead to hypertension can be controlled but not all the factors.

In order to control you high blood pressures always follow your doctor’s advice regarding your diet plan and exercise. Drink minimum 8 glasses of water daily. You should use salt according to your taste. Decrease the intake of junk food. You should take sufficient rest. Avoid drinking alcohol and caffeine containing.

What to do if you have high blood pressure?

If you are pregnant and experiencing fatigue, nausea, vomiting – signs of high blood pressure, it is highly recommended that you consult a specialist at the earliest. In numerous cases the high blood pressure can be managed easily with medication. However delay in medical attention can lead to complications that can adversely affect your pregnancy.

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