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How effective is the i Pill?

How effective is the i Pill?

by: Dr. Pooja Mehta
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology

How effective is the I pill?

I Pill tablet is an emergency contraceptive pill and not a regular contraceptive pill. It must be taken immediately after unprotected intercourse. The sooner the better. The I pill tablet is most effective within 24 hours. Taken later than 72 hours it may or may not work. The I pill is intended for women of ages 25 to 45 only. Emergency contraceptive tablets have great side effects. Therefore, if you must take it, make sure that you are aware of I Pill side effects.

Emergency Contraceptive pills or I pill has progestin as its main component in a high dose (LNG) levonorgestrel. I pill should only be taken when there is an unprotected intercourse occasionally or if a regular method like the condom slips or breaks. But as stated before it is not a routine contraceptive. It should not be used multiple times in the cycle.

The effectiveness of oral contraceptive pill – I pill:

Emergency contraceptive pills have a good success rate at avoiding pregnancy when taken within the stipulated time. I pill functions like any other contraceptive. Some other types of contraceptives are condoms, Intra-uterine devices like copper-T. The primary ingredient in most emergency contraception pills is levonorgestrel. Levonorgestrel is a synthetic progesterone hormone. Levonorgestrel is the hormone that forms the main ingredient in most birth control pills. If we talk about the time then if I pill is taken under 24 hours of unprotected sex then it is 95% potent. If it is taken under 25-48 hours of unprotected sex then it is said to be 85% effective. And if the I pill is taken under 49-72 hours then it is only 58 % effective.

I pill use is meant only for emergency contraception. You should not use it as a regular contraceptive method. The biggest problem that many women have when it comes to emergency contraceptive pills is taking it at the earliest. The longer you delay after intercourse, the higher is your risk of conceiving. Therefore the pill is to be taken soon after unprotected sex. It should be consumed preferably within 24 hours and before 72 hours or else taking the pill may be useless.

Even though the media projects it as a wonder contraceptive there are side effects of I pill. It causes some changes in the bleeding pattern also. And a serious side effect also noted is a tubal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy because Progestins reduce motility or movement of the tubes.

Some immediate side effects of I pill are the head ache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, Heavy bleeding, abdominal pain, dizziness, vaginal hemorrhage.

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