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Long-term health effects of Premature Birth

Long-term health effects of Premature Birth

by: Dr. Sorabh Goel
Consultant - Neonatology-Paras Bliss, Panchkula

Not all premature babies tend to have complications; because of an early birth, it can cause long-term health problems for your newborn. Birth weight also plays an important role that can affect the health of the newborn. The earlier the baby is born the more are the risks of complications. Following are the long-term health effects of premature birth:

  • Cerebral palsy: It is a disorder of muscle tone, movement or posture that can be caused by infection, insufficient blood flow or injury to a baby’s developing brain either when the baby is still immature and young or during pregnancy.
  • Dental problems: Preemies that have been crucially ill are at bigger risk of developing dental problems like tooth discoloration, delayed tooth eruption, and improperly aligned teeth.
  • Impaired cognitive skills: During their school-age, if a child is prematurely born, may have difficulty in learning. Premature babies are most likely to fall behind their full term counterparts on a variety of developmental milestones.
  • Hearing problems: Preterm babies are at increased risk of hearing loss. It is mandatory that all babies should be checked for their hearing by a doctor before going home.
  • Behavioural and psychological problems: Children born with premature birth experience certain type of behavioral or psychological problems, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than a normal baby born.
  • Vision problems: Retinopathy of prematurity is developed among premature infants, a disease that develops when blood vessels overgrow and overgrow in the nerve (light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye (retina)).
  • Chronic health issues: Premature babies are at more risk to have chronic health issues; few of them require hospital care as compared to full-term infants. Some problems like asthma, feeding problems and infections may likely to develop. Premature babies are at greater risk of developing unexpected infant death syndrome (SIDS).

 

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