Procedure and Risk Factors of Mammogram |Blog By Dr. Reena Khandelwal, Paras Bliss, New Delhi
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Mammography: Purpose, Procedure & Risks

Mammography: Purpose, Procedure & Risks

by: Dr. Reena Khandelwal
Sr. Consultant - Obstetrics & Gynecology Paras Bliss New Delhi

A mammography, or mammogram, is X-ray of the breast. It’s a screening device used to recognize and analyze breast cancer. Together with regular clinical exams and month to month breast self-examinations, mammograms are a key component in the early analysis of breast cancer. A few specialists prescribe that ladies who are 40 years of age and older ought to have mammograms each one to two years. On the off chance that your specialist arranges a mammogram as a routine test to check for any cancer or changes, it’s known as a screening mammogram. In this sort of test, your specialist will take a few X-rays of each breast. In the event that you have a lump or some other indication of breast cancer, your specialist will arrange an analytic mammogram. In the event that you have breast implants, you will most likely need a diagnostic mammogram. Diagnostic mammograms are more extensive than screening mammograms. They commonly require more X-rays to get perspectives of the breast from multiple positions.

What happens in a mammography?

  • After undressing from the waist up and taking off any necklaces, a professional will give you a gown or smock.
  • Depending upon the testing facility, you may either stand or sit during your mammogram. Every breast fits onto a level X-ray plate.
  • A compressor will then push the breast down to level the tissue. This gives a clearer photo of the breast. You may need to hold your breath for each photo.
  • You may feel a little amount of weight or distress, however, it’s typically short. During the procedure, your specialist will audit the pictures as they are made. They may arrange extra pictures that show distinctive perspectives if something is vague or needs advance consideration. This happens regularly and shouldn’t be a reason for upset or panic.
  • A computerized or digital mammogram changes the X-ray into an electronic photo of the breast that saves into a computer. Pictures are promptly obvious, so your radiologist doesn’t need to wait for the pictures. The computer can also help your doctor see images that might not have been very visible on a regular mammogram.

Don’t worry about the radiation exposure:

Similarly, as with an X-ray, you’re getting exposed to a little amount of radiation during a mammogram. Be that as it may, the hazard from this exposure is extremely low. In the event that a female is pregnant and totally needs a mammogram before her delivery date, she will normally wear a lead apron during the procedure.

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