Newborns are beautiful creations of God. The arrival of a newborn is a moment of excitement and happiness, at the same time parents are anxious regarding his health. Newborns face many common health issues which may be normal for their age or may need medication. Self-medication can be dangerous for everyone with special consideration to newborns. It is advisable always to consult a pediatrician before giving any medicine to the newborn. You can ask your doctor for the doses of few of the over the counter medicines if required. Before giving those medicines also you should be aware of danger signs if noticed should be reported immediately to your doctor.
Danger signs that need medical attention:
Cold hands and feet
Refusal to feed
Decreased urine output and vomiting
Colic: Persistent cry is most distressing problems in newborns. It is commonly due to colic. Colic is a very frequent problem faced by the newborn, it can make parents panic in the middle of the night. Colic is crying because of no apparent reason, for > 3 days a week in children less than 3 months. It usually resolves spontaneously, or simple and appropriate feeding and soothing techniques can make the child comfortable. At times medication may be required. Do consult your pediatrician and keep anti-colic medicine at home. Never use ghutti/gripe-water or brandy.
Fever: Fever if present should be addressed immediately. Fever is a sign of infection in newborns which if not diagnosed and treated appropriately and timely, it can have its own complications. So always consult pediatrician at the 1st spike of fever (axillary temperature > 99.4 F). You can keep medicine for fever at home for emergency use to bring down the fever. Resolution of fever with medicine will not exclude the presence of infection
Diaper rash: Diaper rash is a common problem. Every infant suffers from diaper rash at least once in infancy. It is usually a contact dermatitis due to moisture, friction, and enzymatic activity of fecal bacteria that irritates the skin and causes inflammation. This makes the skin more prone to colonization by the microorganism which may cause the secondary infection. In most of the cases, management includes general skin measures (frequent diaper change, air exposure of diaper area, and use of topical barrier creams containing zinc oxide). In few cases, specific treatment including antifungal creams, antibacterial creams, and steroids cream may be required. But these should be used only with the prescription of a pediatrician.