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Myths about HIV and AIDS

Myths about HIV and AIDS

by: Dr. Nupur Gupta
Consultant and Unit Head Gynecology

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, gradually destroying its ability to fight infections and certain cancers. If it is left untreated, HIV can develop into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This is the most severe stage of HIV and is usually fatal. In the past, HIV infection was commonly considered a death sentence. Today, AIDS is considered a chronic, life-threatening illness. AIDS symptoms include soaking night sweats, fever (for several weeks), persistent diarrhea,  cough and shortness of breath, unexplained fatigue, blurred vision, white spots in the mouth, skin rashes and weight loss. It can be detected simply by a blood test. Unprotected sex with an infected partner is the most common route of infection for women. HIV/AIDS can also be spread via blood. Some women become infected after sharing needles to inject drugs.

FACTS RELATED TO HIV/AIDS:

  • It doesn’t spread through touch – HIV doesn’t spread through touch, tears, sweat, salivation, or pee. It can’t be gotten by breathing in a similar air, Hugging, kissing, or shaking hands, eating in similar utensils, Using exercise gear at a gym and so on. It can be spread through infected blood, semen, vaginal liquid, or breast milk.
  • It does not spread through mosquitoes – Since the infection is gone through blood, individuals have stressed that they could get it from gnawing or bloodsucking bugs. At the point when bugs nibble, they don’t infuse the blood of the individual or creature they bit before you. Likewise, HIV lives for just a small timeframe inside them.
  • Oral sex isn’t the route of transmission – Oral sex is less unsafe than some different sorts of sex. In any case, you can get HIV by having oral sex with either a man or a woman who is HIV-positive. Continuously use a latex obstruction during oral sex.
  • If you have HIV then it doesn’t imply that your life is done – In the early years when the infection was pandemic, the death rate from AIDS was amazingly high. But today’s drugs allow HIV-positive people and even those with AIDS to live much longer, normal, and productive lives.
  • It is the greatest myth that in the event that you are getting treatment then you can’t spread the infection – When HIV treatments work well, it can lower the amount of virus in your blood to a level that doesn’t show up in blood tests. The virus can still be ‘hiding’ in other areas of the body, though. You should practice safe sex so you won’t make someone else HIV-positive.
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