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What is the neonatal intensive care unit?

What is the neonatal intensive care unit?

by: Dr. (Maj) Manish Mannan
HOD Paediatrics & Neonatology

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) looks after newborn babies who need special care. A Neonatal ICU isn’t run in the same way as an ordinary care unit. A lot of special equipment is used, for example, to monitor and support the babies’ ‘vital functions’, such as pulse, breathing, blood pressure and temperature. The nurse who is looking after your baby operates the equipment. In hospitals, precautions always have to be taken to prevent infection. This is especially important at the Neonatal ICU, because the newborn babies we care for have less resistance to infection. You then need to disinfect your hands with the alcohol rub and let them dry in the air.

Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) have specially trained professionals:

Intensive-care nurses undergo intensive didactic and clinical orientation in addition to their general nursing knowledge in order to provide highly specialized care for critical patients. Their competencies include the administration of high-risk medications, management of high-acuity patients requiring ventilator support, surgical care, resuscitation, advanced interventions such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy procedures, as well as chronic-care management or lower acuity cares associated with premature infants such as feeding intolerance, phototherapy, or administering antibiotics.

NICU Facilities Treat Preterm and Sick Babies:

  • NICUs now focus on treating little, premature, or inherently sick infants. Some of these infants are from higher-order multiple births, yet most areas yet single children conceived too soon.
  • Premature labour, and how to anticipate it remains a puzzling issue for specialists. Despite the fact that medical advancements enable specialists to save low-birth-weight babies, it is constantly better to defer such births.
  • The long-term outlook for untimely premature infants saved by NICUs has dependably been a worry so far. From the early years, it was accounted for that a higher extent than ordinary grew up with inabilities, including cerebral paralysis and learning disabilities.
  • Since medicines are accessible for huge numbers of the issues looked by little or immature infants in the main long stretches of life, long-term development, and limiting long-term inability, are real research areas.
  • Other than rashness and extraordinary low birth-weight, normal ailments looked after in a NICU incorporate perinatal asphyxia, major birth defects, sepsis, neonatal jaundice, and baby respiratory distress disorder because of the immaturity of the lungs.
  • By and large, the main source of death in NICUs is necrotizing enterocolitis. Intricacies of extreme prematurity may incorporate intracranial drain, chronic bronchopulmonary dysplasia (see Infant respiratory misery disorder), or retinopathy of prematurity.
  • A newborn child may spend a day of observation in a NICU or may spend many months there. Neonatology and NICUs have incredibly expanded the survival of low birth-weight and to a great degree premature babies.
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