For the development of the body and prevention of diseases, vitamins and minerals play crucial role. These minerals and vitamins are referred to as micronutrients. You have to get them from diet because they are not produced by the body. And if the required amount of nutrients are not given to the body or are not absorbed by the body, then it can lead to nutritional deficiencies. It can cause various health problems like skin disorders; affect bone growth, indigestion, and even anemia.
The foods that you eat: – Cereals, Bread, and Milk should be fortified with nutrients to prevent nutritional deficiencies. If you are going through a special phase in life that requires some attention towards your nutrition, such as menopause, menarche, pregnancy, it is the best that you consult a nutrition specialist for guidance.
Some common type of nutritional deficiencies include:-
Iron Deficiency: – The most common nutritional deficiency in the world wide is iron deficiency. It can lead to weakness, anemia, fatigue and many other symptoms also. Some iron rich foods are – green leafy vegetables, red meat, egg yolk.
Vitamin A Deficiency: – Vitamin A helps in boosting the immune system. It plays an important role in eye health and reproductive health in men and women. Breast milk is the best source of vitamin A for new born babies. And for others, it’s important to eat vitamin A rich foods such as milk, egg, broccoli, spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, papaya, peaches, and tomatoes.
Vitamin D Deficiency: – Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones. It helps the body to maintain the right level of calcium to regulate the development of teeth and bones. Deficiency of Vitamin D leads to poor bone growth and osteoporosis. Spend a few minutes in the sun prior to sunscreen for optimal vitamin D absorption. The best source of Vitamin D is sunlight and some foods like – mushrooms, fatty fish, egg yolks.
Calcium Deficiency: – It helps in the development of bones, teeth, heart, and nerves. Calcium deficiency leads to serious health problems. The best source of calcium are dairy products such as milk and milk products, cheese (tofu), vegetables such as broccoli and many cereals and grains are calcium fortified.